The High Country Xeriscape Council of Arizona is a non-profit 501 C-3 corporation dedicated to educating our communities about water-wise gardening. For additional information write:


4397 E AZ Highway 260

 Payson,  AZ  85541



Full Sun

Plant Name

Botanical Name

Height Inches


Woolly yarrow Achillea tomentosa2-4Grayish foliage in low mats.
PussytoesAntennaria spp. 1-2Persistent gray-green foliage in dense mats; excellent for rocky slopes.
SageArtemisia spp. 10-15Silvery foliage; A. schmidtiana (silver mound sage) most common.
Mat saltbushAtriplex corrugata4-6Evergreen; foliage greenish-white; for salty soils.
Mountain bluet
(perennial bachelor button)
Centaurea montana 15-18Grayish foliage; blue flowers.
Snow-in-summer Cerastium tomentosum6Gray foliage; white flowers; very aggressive.
Creeping broomCytisus decumbens 4-8Green stems with tiny leaves; yellow, pea-like flowers in May.
Yellow ice plantDelosperma nubigenum1-2Succulent, light-green foliage; yellow flowers.
Mock strawberryDuchesnea indica4-6Aggressive creeper; looks much like strawberry; yellow flowers; inedible, red fruit.
Sulphur flowerEriogonum umbellatum3-6Showy flower stalk to 8 inches tall; foliage in low mat.
Cushion spurgeEuphorbia epithymoides (polychroma) 12-18Mounds of foliage that change from reddish to green in spring, then scarlet in fall.
Snow-on-the-mountainEuphorbia marginata4-8Green and white foliage; very aggressive.
Blue fescue Festuca ovina glauca6-8Tufts of grayish, grassy foliage.
Creeping juniper
Some common clones include:
'Bar Harbor'
'Blue Chip'
'Wiltoni' ('Blue Rug')
Juniperus horizontalis  
Perhaps the best year-round cover; many
clones and foliage hues available.
  Blue-green; purplish winter color.
Bluish foliage year-round.
Silvery-blue; distinct radial branching.
Very low mat; fine texture.
Very low; silver-blue; purplish tinge in winter.
Pineleaf penstemonPenstemon pinifolius6-10 Has needle-like leaves and orange-red flowers; takes heat well.
Moss pink or creeping phloxPhlox subulata6-8Reddish, white or lavender flowers; moss-like foliage.
Creeping potentillaPotentilla verna1/2-1Very low mat with yellow, showy flowers; aggressive.
Creeping buttercupRanunculus repens1-2Yellow, showy flowers on creeping runners up to 2 feet long.
Lavender-cottonSantolina chamaecyparissus10-12Blue-gray, persistent foliage in dense mats.
Stonecrop (sedum)Sedum spp.1-15Many forms available; not usually competitive with weeds.
Houseleek, hen and chicksSempervivum spp.2-4Forms dense, evergreen mats; grows in very poor soils.
Mother-of-thymeThymus serpyllum3-6Low, mat-forming herb with tiny leaves; purple flowers; related species, woolly thyme, has gray-green foliage.


Plant NameBotanical NameHeight (Inches)Remarks
Bishop's weedAegopodium podagraria 'variegatum'10-12Variegated, green and white foliage; aggressive.
KinnikinnickArctostaphylos uva-ursi4-6Evergreen; red, edible berries; use beneath established evergreens in acid soils.
Hall's Japanese honeysuckleLonicera japonica 'Halliana'6-12Will also grow in full sun, but forms denser mats in shade.
Creeping Oregon grapeMahonia repens6-12Evergreen; yellow flowers in spring; holly-like foliage.
Creeping or mat penstemonPenstemon caespitosus1-2Very prostrate mat of tiny narrow leaves; flowers in May-June; purplish.
Rocky Mountain penstemonP. strictus1-2Blue flowers in June-July.

ref:  CO State University Cooperative Extension


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